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TOP 10 Sexual Transmitted Diseases

Scabies

Scabies

Scabies is caused by small mites (parasites) caught through close body contact. The main symptoms are itching and a rash. Scabies can be easily treated.
Symptoms: Scabies is caused by small mites (parasites). It is caught through close body contact. The main symptom is itching
Treatment: Lotion
Protection: Avoid close contact with infected person

 

 

Trichomonas

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis (T.V) is a tiny parasite that infects the vagina and urethra (the tube that carries pee from the bladder). Men usually have no symptoms, but women can have vaginal discharge and itching. Treated using antiiotics.
Symptoms: Infects the vagina and urethra (the tube that carries pee from the bladder). Men usually have no symptoms, but women have vaginal discharge and itching.
Treatment: Antibiotics
Protection: Condoms

 

 

HIV Transmission electron micrograph

HIV

HIV is the virus that can lead to Aquire Immune Difficiency Syndrome (AIDS). There are no immediate symptoms. People can have the virus for a long time before it is diagnosed. More effective drug treatments mean that people with HIV are living longer.
Symptoms: HIV is the virus that leads to Aquire Immune Difficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Treatment: There is no cure but new treatments have meant that survival times for people with HIV are longer.
Protection: Condoms, avoiding the exchange of body fluids such as sexual fluids and blood for example through the sharing of needles.

 

 

 

Pubic Lice (Crabs)

Pubic Lice (Crabs)

Pubic lice or ‘crabs’ are tiny insects (parasites) that live in body hair and cause itching. They can be caught from close body contact and from an infected person during sex. They can be easily treated.
Symptoms: Pubic lice or crabs are tiny crab-like creatures (parasites) that live in pubic hair and cause itching. They can be caught from close body contact.
Treatment: Special shampoo.
Protection: No close contact with infected person!

 

Hepatitis

Hepatitis

Hepatitus means inflammation of the liver: the most common type are Hepatitus A, B & C. Hepatitus A can be caught through contaminated food and drink, Hepatitis B and C can be transmitted through unprottected sex or sharing drug injecting equipment. Hepatitus A & B can be prevented by vaccination. There is no vaccination against Hepatitus C but people can protect themselves by using condoms and not sharing needles.
Symptoms: Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis B & C are caused by the hepatitis B and C virus which is passed on through sex and contact with body fluids such as blood. May cause long-term liver damage.
Treatment: Hepatitis A and B can be prevented by vaccination.
Protection: Condoms, and avoiding the exchange of body fluids

Syphilitic infection

Syphilis

Syphilis is a bacterial infection passed on during sex or by an infected mother to her child during pregnancy. Symptoms may be difficult to recognise and my not show immediately.They include painless sores, a rash, flu like symptoms. Syphilis used to be very rare in the UK, but there have been outbreaks of new cases in some areas of the UK.
Symptoms: Symptoms include a painless sore on or near the vagina or penis followed by a rash on the body and flu-like symptoms.
Treatment: Antibiotics
Protection: Condoms

 

Herpes

Herpes

Genital herpes is a viral infection that causes small blisters and sores around the genitals. There can be pain or burning when peeing and flu like symptoms. Treatment reduces the severity of the symptoms during an outbreak.
Symptoms: Herpes simplex 2 is the virus that causes genital herpes. The symptoms are small blisters or tingling / itching around the genitals, pain or burning when peeing and flu-like symptoms.
Treatment: Anti-viral drugs may reduce the severity of the symptoms.
Protection: Condoms can offer some protection

 

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection. It is possible to be infected and have no symptoms. Men are more likely to notice symptoms than women. Symptoms can include discharge from the vagina or penis and irritation when peeing.
Symptoms: Sometimes called “the clap” the symptoms are different for men and women – most women have no symtoms, men mostly get a discharge from the penis, burning pain when peeing and occasionally an irritation or discharge from the anus.
Treatment: Antibiotics
Protection: Condoms

 

 

 

 

Wart

Warts

Warts are small fleshy growths on the genital area. They don’t always appear immediately after sex and can’t always be seen, particularly if they are inside the vagina or anus. They are spread by skin to skin contact during sex.
Symptoms: Warts don’t always appear immediately after infection and can’t always be seen especially inside the vagina or anus. Spread by skin to skin contact during sex.
Treatment: Freezing or podophyllin (which is applied to the infected area)
Protection: Condoms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chlamydia Trachomatis Female

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection. There are often no symptoms at all. Some people may get pain when peeing. It can be easily treated with antibiotics. If left untreated it can cause infertility in men and women.
Symptoms: There are often no symptoms. Some men and women may experience pain when peeing. If left untreated in women, can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. Men may get painful testicles and also become infertile.
Treatment: Antibiotics
Protection: Condoms